The formal process of closing a company is liquidation, but there are other ways. Liquidation may not be necessary. Company strike off—dissolution—may be an option.
Company strike off—or dissolution—is an informal process that removes a company from Companies House’s register. Directors submit a DS01 form and pay the fee. The company will be struck off the register if no one objects to the Gazette notice. It ceases to exist legally once removed from the register. However, it is not suitable for all companies or situations.
Dissolution is for companies that are no longer needed by directors/shareholders and have no assets or liabilities.
If an insolvent company tries to strike off, a creditor will object, stopping the process and keeping the company alive. Creditors should prevent your company from being struck off if it has debts, as it is difficult to recover the money owed without a lengthy and complicated process to reinstate the company.
If your company’s assets, including bank accounts, are struck off, the Crown owns them. Thus, liquidation is the best way to wind down a business with debts or assets.